Managed Service Accounts
Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 have two new types of service accounts called Manage Service Accounts (MSA) and Virtual Accounts. These make long term management of service account users, passwords and SPNs much easier.
Consider the environment at OrcsWeb. As a PCI Compliant hosting company, we need to change all security related passwords every 3 months. This is a substantial undertaking each time because of hundreds of passwords spread throughout our enterprise. We have scripts and tools and manual steps, causing us to groan each time we get our password change reminder at the beginning of the new quarter. Even non-PCI compliant companies have the need to manage passwords for service accounts.
Now, imagine if the effort of changing passwords on each of the service accounts was completely eliminated, without any security risk! That’s what Managed Service Accounts allows (too bad service accounts weren’t the only type of password that we have to manage).
Essentially, Active Directory takes care of the password and SPN management for us, allowing us to create accounts, assign them to a Windows Service, and never require us to update the password again.
I find that getting the first ‘hello world’ working is oftentimes the most difficult, so in this blog I want to cover an end-to-end walkthrough of a simple configuration.
Windows 7 is also supported as a member computer, and you can run this with a Windows Server 2008 or 2003 Domain by installing the Active Directory Management Gateway Service and running adprep /domainprep. See the Step-by-Step Guide for more details about that.
The domain server will have everything necessary. PowerShell 2.0 is installed with R2 by default and the management tools are already installed.
The member server or computer will need to have the Active Directory PowerShell Snap-in enabled.
To do this from Windows Server 2008 R2, perform the following:
- Open Server Manager
- Click “Features and Add Feature”
- Add the “Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell” in /Remote Server Administration Tools/AD DS and AD LDS Tools.
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